SESC case archive

23/11/2021 | Poultry

Hematomas in broiler carcasses

We received a request with images of different broiler carcasses affected with similar lesions and were asked about the correct lesional nomenclature and an interpretation of the lesions.

Most of the lesions observed were reddish areas visible through the skin and in general corresponded to acute hematomas. These are produced by blood extravasation and accumulation in the  subcutaneous and muscular tissue and can occur hours prior to death or until 10 seconds after bleeding. After the 10 seconds have passed, any contusion to the carcass will not produce hematomas. These bruises can occur during the loading and unloading of animals in transport to the slaughterhouse and are indicators of animal welfare deficits.

Some of the lesions show a yellowish-greenish coloration. After 12 hours of evolution of a hematoma in a live animal, hemoglobin metabolites start to appear, which makes the coloration of the subacute hematoma turn green or yellow. When the principal metabolite is bilirubin, the hematoma acquires a yellowish coloration, while biliverdin accumulation leads to green coloration. The proportion between these pigments depends on multiple variables, from which ambiental temperature is an important one. Thus, these lesions come from contusions of at least 12-24 hours of evolution.  (AC)

Canal de pollastre. S’observa un envermelliment de l’ala a l’alçada del colze (hematoma agut).

Broiler carcass. The wing shows a reddish area in the elbow area (acute hematoma).

En aquesta canal de pollastre s’observa un envermelliment de l’ala a la zona del colze i falanges (compatible amb un hematoma agut)

This broiler carcass shows a reddish area of the region of the elbow and phalanx (compatible with an acute hematoma).

Canal de pollastre en la que s’observa una coloració verdosa de l’ala a l’alçada del carp (compatible amb un hematoma subagut degut a la degradació d’hemoglobina en biliverdina).

Broiler carcass which shows greenish coloration of the wing at the region of the elbow (compatible with a subacute hematoma due to hemoglobin degradation to biliverdin).

2 comment(s)

  1. Rosa

    Les agudes, podrien ser degudes a un mal ajustament de la quantitat de corrent rebuda durant l’atordiment? (que hagi arribat massa corrent i provoqui trencament de vasos)
    o bé, per aleteig dels animals pre-atordit, o fins i tot post-atordit en cas de que es despertin?

    1. SESC

      Un excés de corrent podria provocar un patró de lesions de tipus petèquies de distribució més generalitzada diferent d’aquest patró focal que observem en les imatges. Aquest tipus de lesió (hematomes) és més aviat degut a traumatismes durant la manipulaicó, concretament a les ales quan es produeix un aleteig intens o cops al posar-los i treure’ls de les gàbies.

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